Overview of osteoarthritis knee
It is also known as degenerative of osteoarthritis of the knee. Age is one of the factors contributing to the osteoarthritis of the knee. However, this does not mean that young people will not tend to suffer from it. For people who are overweight, this can also be a factor contributing to it. Besides that, some people get them as a result of injury or infection. In this section, we are going into details of osteoarthritis knee ICD 10 including the treatment and what you can do at home to reduce or ease the pain from disturbing your daily life activities.
Osteoarthritis is commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis where the natural cushioning of the cartilage wears away thus leading to frequent rubbing between the bones of the joints. This rubbing happens with lesser shock-absorbing benefits of the cartilage thus resulting in pain, swelling, stiffness, reducing the ability to move. It can also lead to the formation of the bone spurs (an outgrowth of bone along the edge of a bone).
The chance of developing osteoarthritis is higher after the age of 45. Based on the facts from Arthritis Foundation, for people in the United States, more than 27 million people are suffering from osteoarthritis and the most commonly affected areas are the knees. Between gender, women are more likely to develop and have osteoarthritis as compared to men.
Main causes of osteoarthritis
As what has been mentioned earlier in this section, the main cause of osteoarthritis of the knee is age, but still, almost everyone will develop some degree of osteoarthritis. Besides age, several other factors are detected to be the primary factors that increase the risk of developing arthritis at an earlier age. The factors are as follow:
- Most abilities for people to heal decreases as they are aging. This includes the ability of cartilage to heal.
- Most of the weight of a person is being supported on the knees. Weight increases pressure on all joints including the knees. For every pound of weight you gain, you will add extra weight of several pounds on your knees.
- It may be due to inherited genetic that might increase the chance of developing osteoarthritis of the knee and can also be due to the abnormalities of the bones that are surrounding the knee joint.
- Based on the fact from Arthritis Foundation, women are more likely to develop osteoarthritis of the knee compared to men. Usually, this happens when women reach the age of 55 and older.
- For people whose work require them to do a lot of activity that might stress the joint. Kneeling, squatting and lifting heavy weights can be considered as activities that have the risk of overstressing the joint thus develop osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Sports such as football, badminton, tennis or marathon have a higher tendency of developing osteoarthritis of the knee. However, exercises that are done to strengthen the joints and knees can decrease the risk of osteoarthritis. Stronger muscles around the knees can prevent osteoarthritis from developing.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee
The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee are as follow:
- Pain that comes and increases when you are active but gets better when you are resting
- Swelling around the knee
- The joint felt warm
- When you are sitting for a long time, you might feel your knees are stiff. The same might happen in the morning
- Difficulty in moving around such as walking, using the stairs and get out of cars
- A creaking and crackly sound is heard when you are moving the knees
Treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee
The goals of treating osteoarthritis of the knee are to relieve the pain and to enable the mobility of the joint and knee back to its peak performance again. The treatment mainly combines several treatments such as:
- Weight loss. Since the increase of weight will increase the pressure on the joint and the knee, losing some weight will do the exact opposite.
- Exercise. Doing muscle strengthening exercises will allow the muscles around your knee to become stronger thus making the joint more stable and decreases the pain. Stretching will also help in making the knee joint to become more flexible and mobile.
- Pain relievers / anti-inflammatory drugs. Most medications being used are acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen. It is highly advised that the medications should not be taken more than 10 days without following up with your doctor as it might develop risks of getting other side effects.
- Injections of corticosteroids. This injection is done into the knee. Other than corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid can also be used.
- Alternative therapies. Some of the therapies that might be useful to treat osteoarthritis are acupuncture or supplements such as glucosamine or chondroitin.
- Physical therapy. A physical therapist can help in teaching and show you ways to strengthen muscles and to increase the flexibility in your joint.
When other treatments are not showing any signs of getting better, surgery is a good option too.
So what is osteoarthritis knee ICD 10?
Osteoarthritis knee ICD 10 is the International Classification of Diseases tenth Edition for osteoarthritis for the knee. For osteoarthritis, the code is M15-M19. Osteoarthritis of knee falls into M17 code. Below are the more specific details on M17:
- 0 Bilateral primary osteoarthritis of knee
- 1 Unilateral primary osteoarthritis of knee
- 10 Unilateral primary osteoarthritis, unspecified knee
- 11 Unilateral primary osteoarthritis, right knee
- 12 Unilateral primary osteoarthritis, left knee
- 2 Bilateral post-traumatic osteoarthritis of knee
- 3 Unilateral post-traumatic osteoarthritis of knee
- 30 Unilateral post-traumatic osteoarthritis, unspecified knee
- 31 Unilateral post-traumatic osteoarthritis, right knee
- 32 Unilateral post-traumatic osteoarthritis, left knee
- 4 Other bilateral secondary osteoarthritis of knee
- 5 Other unilateral secondary osteoarthritis of knee
- 9 Osteoarthritis of knee, unspecified
That’s all for this section regarding osteoarthritis knee ICD 10. We hope that you can get the information that you are looking for and learn a lot from this section.