HEADACHES AFTER CONCUSSION
Concussion is a type of a traumatic brain injury that affects your brain function. One of the most common occurrences that might happened after concussion is headache. The degree of pain and area affected depend on the level of seriousness of the concussion. If the concussion resulted from a heavy blow to the head, the level of seriousness will be slightly higher than normal. For most cases, the headache that immediately follows after a head injury usually lasts for minutes or days. However, there are a few cases where the headaches after concussion that last for months and in some rarer cases the headaches persist for years. This long-term headaches are known as post-traumatic headaches.
Concussion is also known as a disturbance of brain function as a result from injuries of the brain that will lead the brain to experience difficulty in processing thought and losing consciousness. It is easier to understand the headaches that happened after a moderate injury to the brain compared to the difficulty in understanding the chronic headaches as a result of mild head injuries. This is due to the reasons that after a neurological examination, the result shows no abnormalities even after imaging studies such as MRI or CT are conducted. This is also one of the reasons that lead to the assumption that the chronic headaches that follow after a mild injury is psychological and not physically related.
Based on microscopic studies, the results shown a disruption of the nerve fibers in the brain. The disruption is due to the stretching or shearing forces of the trauma. Other subtle changes have been noted in brain functioning.The features of chronic headaches after concussion vary from one individual to another and most of the them are classified as chronic tension-type headache. They are generally and typically happened on both sides of the head. They are also occur on daily basis and the intensity is moderate. They are almost similar to migraine which happened on only one side of head but with a throbbing pain as well as followed with nausea. Other factors that might cause migraine are having high sensitivity to light and noise.
Too bad that for those who are suffering from post traumatic headaches will also experience other symptoms such as dizziness, ringing in the ears, blurry vision, depression, anxiety, difficult to sleep and changes in personality. They will also be suffering from changes in mental functioning, difficult to concentrate and having difficulty in coordination. Studies suggest that for those who are suffering from post-traumatic headaches should be treated symptomatically. It means that the symptom should be treated individually since there is no cure the disturbance in the brain. Therefore, the best way is to deal with each symptom individually.
The best treatment of the chronic tension-type headache consists of such medications by using the tricyclic antidepressants (for example amitriptyline). They are not only capable of reducing and diminishing depression but also help in decreasing the pain.For the prolonged worsening of headaches, if they have characteristics of migraine, are treated with typical migraine medications (for example, sumatriptan for an acute attack).
In conclusion, headaches after concussion should not be treated lightly since it may be fatal. It is best to have the knowledge on how to deal with concussion as well as knowledge to deal with any symptoms caused by concussions.