CONCUSSION MEMORY LOSS
Concussions are considered as head injuries that are caused by a heavy blow to the head and there are a few cases that resulted brain damage. The states of consciousness may vary according to victims where some may suffer from losing consciousness and some may suffer none at all. The other things that victims may suffer are confusion, dizziness or memory loss. In this article, we are focusing more on concussion memory loss. For athletes, there are a few cases where even mild injuries can cause memory loss. The duration of the memory loss can last up to days or weeks and some even last up to years.
For cases involving teenage athletes, there are cases where mild concussions causing memory problem to the athletes up to a week. Scientists say that the short-term effect are much greater and serious but most people did not realize this. Research on high school athletic injuries are still lacking and it is already reaching the “alarming” state where something must be done in order for us to have better understanding towards head injuries among them. A lead researcher from University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Dr. Mark R. Lovell together with his team show that based on their study, even in this more mildly injured group, there can be pronounced memory decline. This declination remains at least 7 days after injury.
The victims of mild concussion that caused memory loss are typically high school athletes between the age of 13 and 18. Most of them play contact sports. This kind of sports have a higher and greater vulnerability to severe injury. Most of the cases where the high school athletes suffering from mild concussions are frequently overlooked or unrecognized since most of the players have no problems returning to play during the same match. In studies on animal, were shown that changes in brain chemistry lasted for 7 days or more after mild injury. Also, according to the studies, if the brain has not had enough time to heal, it will be more prone towards a greater and more serious damage. But, for the current guidelines being used in sport for the cases of mild injuries that is being used nationwide, the player can return to play in the same match only if the symptoms disappear after 15 minutes.
Lovell, in his study, looks at 64 in total high school athletes where 60 of them are boys while the remaining 4 are girls who had suffered concussion during sports. A control group of 22 swimmers and 2 football players who had not been injured is used. All the athletes saw doctors on a basis of 36 hours, 4 days and 7 days after their injuries occurred. The classification of severeness of their injuries are according on how long their mental state was altered on the field. For the more severe group, most of them had amnesia and disorientation for more than 5 minutes. For the less severe group, they had no change in mental state or the changes that happened to them lasted less than 5 minutes.
In conclusion, playing sports especially contact sports have a higher tendency of suffering from the concussion which leads to memory loss. The return to play guideline which is being used so far should be implemented fully and should be abide by all the coaches of all teams so that they won’t risk their players by letting them playing without knowing their exact conditions.